Security elites and gold mining in Sudan’s economic transition
A major challenge for Sudan’s new, technocratic administration is reform of the country’s poorly performing economy. Previous attempts, including the lifting of subsidies on bread and fuel in January 2018, were one of the drivers for the popular protests that led to President Omar al-Bashir’s removal in April 2019. In spite of Bashir’s ouster, much of the economy remains largely in the hands of security and business elites that colluded with the National Congress Party (NCP) regime. This includes the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and Rapid Support Forces (RSF). NCP cadres have also retained stakes in the country’s economic resources.
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