The Comprehensive Peace Agreement
The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) marked the end of two decades of civil conflict in Sudan and was the culmination of peace negotiations to find a comprehensive, lasting solution to the conflict that had divided north and south Sudan. The CPA was signed in Kenya by the National Congress Party (NCP) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) on January 9, 2005. The CPA marked the end of two decades of civil conflict and was the culmination of peace negotiations facilitated by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) as well as the United Kingdom, Norway, United States, and Italy.
In this summary of the agreement, originally published by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the authors describe and assess the provisions of the agreement and how it has fared since it was signed.
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