2021
Conflict Sensitivity Facility (CSF) launched in Sudan

CSF is established in 2021 by Saferworld, with initial funding from the UK FCDO, to bring together the Sudanese aid sector to maximise positive impacts, whilst avoiding harm.

2019
Protests and new government

Sudan’s leader Omar al-Bashir is forced to step down as a result of mass demonstrations across the country. A new government takes office under Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok as part of a three-year power-sharing agreement between the military, civilian representatives and protest groups.

2016
Conflict Sensitivity Resource Facility (CSRF) is established in South Sudan

The Conflict Sensitivity Resource Facility is established to support the use of conflict sensitivity in donor strategies and programmes in South Sudan. Saferworld convenes the program in partnership with swisspeace and REACH.

2015
2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is adopted by all United Nations Member States in September 2015, and includes an unprecedented commitment to peace, justice and inclusion. The Agenda contains 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) providing a blueprint for global development with peace at its heart.

2011
South Sudan Independence

In a referendum, the people of Southern Sudan vote for independence from the North and for the creation of a new state of South Sudan.

2005 January
Comprehensive Peace Agreement

Having made wide ranging agreements on the future governance and security arrangements of Sudan in line with the framework set out by the Machakos Protocol (2002), the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) and the Government of Sudan sign the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Naivasha, Kenya.

Early 2000s
Conflict Sensitivity emerges as an umbrella term

Conflict Sensitivity emerges as an umbrella term that encompasses the methodologies of and approaches developed through the 1990s, including Do No Harm and Peace and Conflict Impact Assessment.

2000
Millenium Development Goals

The UN agrees benchmarks in human development to be achieved by 2015.  However, the goals fail to address conflict. Ten years on, 22 out of the 34 countries furthest away from achieving the goals are in – or have just come out of – conflict. 

1994
Do No Harm project Launched

Following concerns around how aid interacted with conditions leading up to the Rwanda Genocide, the Do No Harm project was founded to answer the question: How may assistance be provided in conflict settings in ways that, rather than feeding into and exacerbating the conflict, help local people disengage from the violence that surrounds them and begin to develop alternative systems for addressing the problems that underlie the conflict?

1986-2005

Operation Rainbow launched under the World Food Program Management in failed bid to deliver a ‘food neutral’ aid program.

In 1989, changing political dynamics paved the way for Operation Lifeline Sudan (OLS) – the first programme seeking to assist internally displaced and war-affected civilians during an ongoing conflict within a sovereign country. It became one of the largest aid operations ever and its ramifications are still felt across the aid sector worldwide.

1983 
Second Sudanese Civil War

Civil war breaks out again as conflicts re-emerge between the Government and opposition movements within the Southern Sudan Autonomous Region as well as the wider Sudan. The war would last for 22 years.

1972
Addis Ababa peace agreement

Following negotiations led by All Africa Council of Churches, the Sudanese Government and the SSLM concluded the Addis Ababa peace agreement.

1956 
Sudan becomes independent.

On January 1, 1956, the Republic of Sudan became an independent state, having been under the authority of the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium, the joint British and Egyptian government that administrated Sudan, since 1899.

1955
First Sudanese civil war begins

Troops from the Sudanese Defence Forces mutiny, launching an insurgency campaign that would evolve into the Southern Sudan Liberation or ‘Anyanya’ Movement (SSLM) and in turn, the First Sudanese Civil War (1955-1972)

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